In this section, I’ll examine the entire web hosting system and explain it with examples from the actual world. You will pick up important vocabulary, and we will dispel some common misconceptions among beginners.
What is Web Hosting?
Web hosting is the activity or service of giving individuals or organizations access to storage space for websites accessible over the World Wide Web. With about a billion websites already available and millions of individuals throughout the world entering this new world, web hosting is a massive industry. At first, the website hosting procedure can be scary and perplexing, but once you understand it, you will know how it works.
Let’s start by going through some unfamiliar terms. You may have heard other words like web hosting, website hosting, site hosting, blog hosting, self-hosting, etc. used to describe the procedure. All of them have the same meaning. You have full control over the server space where you keep the files for your website.
Website or blog that is hosted. When you hear these terms, you might assume that they refer to website hosting. These phrases are not the same as what we refer to as “web hosting,” though. In this instance, a third-party company handles the hosting and the majority of its related operations. Typically, the programme or tool you use to build your website is limited to the capability provided by that firm. The fact that you cannot migrate your website to another location and that it could be challenging to expand is another drawback of hosted solutions. More on that in a moment.
What else should I tell you?
Any website that is accessible online must be stored on a server or computer with an Internet connection. Your host is the server on which you keep your website. The host just needs three basic necessities to function—power, an internet connection, and a dedicated IP address—and it can be located anywhere in the world.
Your website won’t be accessible online if even one of those items is absent. A power supply is a requirement for the website to be constantly accessible online. Like many items we use every day, if you don’t have a power supply, it will not function. To connect with others, you need the infrastructure of an internet connection. The equivalent of having your company on a remote island with no contact with the outside world is having your website on a computer without an internet connection. Even if you live on an island, no one can get to you.
Your website’s IP address is actually its address. IP, which stands for “Internet Protocol,” is a set of numerical instructions that serves as a communication, identification, and location system for all online computers. Simply said, a “Dedicated IP” is an address that doesn’t change for every connection.
You could believe that I might run a website on my personal computer and obtain my own dedicated IP address at home. But what if you need to restart your computer because the power or the internet is out? Your website will suddenly become inaccessible to everyone. Web hosting providers own and run dedicated machines that are only used to serve websites in order to address this issue. Data centers are specialized buildings where servers are housed. The features required to make your website accessible 24/7/365 are present in data centers.